How to wear compression stockings for varicose veins: the rules for product selection and care

Compression stockings are an important stage in the complex therapy of varicose veins. However, it is naive to believe that the effect will appear immediately after purchasing the product. It is very important to understand how to wear compression stockings for varicose veins in order to maximize the result. In this matter, the patient should be assisted by the attending physician or by the person in charge in a specialized salon.

Effect on varicose veins

Slimming wardrobe items can boast a high degree of elasticity, it is this property that is used in the fight against varicose veins. However, the correct effect of ordinary stockings or tights is not observed, as they were not created for medicinal purposes.

Varicose veins - expansion and deformation of blood vessels, which leads to stagnation of blood and further formation of clots and blood clots. Stockings against varicose veins have a strong effect on the lower limbs, providing pressure of varying intensity, due to which the veins on the legs narrow.

compression stockings for varicose veins

The size is determined by measuring the circumference of the legs at certain points and the length (foot, ankle, shin, knee and thigh of the leg) so that the escape compression graph is uniform.

Artificial treatment of pathology allows you to establish difficult blood circulation through the vessels, gradually restoring internal pressure. The important thing is that the unique structure of the jersey does not obstruct the flow of air, not creating problems for the skin.

The product does not eliminate the root causes of the disease, however it helps keep blood vessels in good shape and is used to prevent varicose veins. The benefits and harms of the product are explained at the appointment with a phlebologist.

Classification of socks and rules for their selection

By species diversity, compression stockings are divided into:

  • classic;
  • on silicone rubber;
  • on a medical belt with velcro;
  • with open toe.

In addition, compression stockings vary in size, measurements are carried out in a specialized center before purchasing a product:

  1. Thigh circumference at the level of 25-30 cm above the knee.
  2. Calf circumference of the widest part of the gastrocnemius muscle.
  3. The circumference of the ankle is just above the bone at its thinnest point.

Size classification:

Dimensions / measurements S. M (2) L (3) XL (4)
Circumference of the ankle 19-22 22-25 25-28 29-32
Calf circumference 29-37 34-42 38-46 41-51
Circumference of the thigh 44-52 50-58 56-64 60-72

On the use of threads in the composition:

  • nylon;
  • cotton;
  • from elastane;
  • from microfiber.

According to the degree of compression:

  1. Class one 18–21 mm Hg. Art. You can wear stockings as a preventative measure for patients at risk of developing varicose veins. For example: pregnant women, "standing" workers, at the first slightest symptom of pathology.
  2. Class II 23-32 mmHgArte. The most popular variety used to treat varicose veins and thrombophlebitis in humans.
  3. Class three 32-46 mm Hg. Art. It is prescribed for use with advanced or complicated vascular disorders.
  4. Class four 49 mm Hg. Art. It is used very rarely, it is indicated for the violation of the outflow of lymphatic fluid.

The classification is presented for review, as only a specially trained doctor or manager in an orthopedic center can choose the right compression stockings for varicose veins.

Rules for wearing socks

How to wear compression stockings correctly:

  1. It is necessary to wear the product only in the morning after waking up.
  2. To avoid snags on the linen, you should monitor the length and sharpness of the nails.
  3. In socks, it is not necessary to squat often so that the knee area does not stretch.
  4. The socks should be worn with thin socks to protect against damage and rubbing of the fabric on the heel.
  5. To maintain the desired compressive and healing properties, the socks must be washed every day.
  6. How long to wear compression stockings will determine the doctor. The fact is that the timing of the socks depends on the degree of vascular damage.

Correctly selected underwear with correct use will last up to six months for its owner.

Dress rules

Wearing compression underwear is much more difficult than choosing it:

  1. It is necessary to put your hand in the sock and grab the heel.
  2. Without releasing it, turn the product up to the heel, leaving a small "pocket".
  3. Put your leg on and pull the sock all over your foot with both hands.
  4. Gradually stretch the inverted part to the center of the ankle.
  5. Gradually tighten the sock, pulling it up with your thumbs.
  6. We fix the silicone band on the thigh.
  7. Pull the tip to release tension from your thumb.

Many patients purchase a special device for wearing compression products - a butler. A sock is fixed on it and after which one leg has already been tucked on. In case of difficulty, compression knitting gloves will help, you can buy them in an orthopedics salon.

stockings for varicose veins

One of the main tasks of compression stockings is to establish the correct functioning of the venous system.

Rules for the care of socks

Five golden rules:

  1. Wash the products every day to restore the degree of compression.
  2. Machine washing is prohibited - hand wash only!
  3. Only baby soap is used, the chemical components in the powder can damage the structure of the threads.
  4. It is forbidden to dry in the street, in the dryer and in the car. It is necessary to spread the product on a dry towel on the table.
  5. For those who wear socks around the clock, experts recommend washing them yourself. Lather with soap, rinse thoroughly with water and dry with a towel.

Sock manufacturers and patient reviews

What are the best compression stockings for varicose veins:

  1. German manufacturer. The high cost is justified by the excellent quality of the product. Many different styles, long-term compression retention, fit are the advantages of the products.
  2. Italian manufacturer. The main advantage is the reasonable cost and excellent quality. You can choose a product "according to your wallet" without harming its medicinal properties.
  3. Compression underwear from Italy. In the price range this has no equal, the socks can be selected according to personal preferences and medical indications. However, there is a significant drawback: the compression qualities do not last more than a month.
  4. Swiss manufacturer. A brand with rather high prices, but also of excellent quality. Wear resistance and preservation of compressive properties are possible throughout the year.
  5. Spanish brand. According to customer reviews, the compression effect is manifested to a greater extent than others from other brands.

Reviews on each brand are mostly positive. The only big drawback is the cost of the socks. Patients notice good air circulation in each product, as they have to wear compression stockings for a long time.

Many buyers praise and thank the employees of orthopedic salons, as choosing the right compression stockings is the most important step in the treatment of varicose veins.

Some buyers complain that silicone rubber starts to slide down the leg or twist in the summer. In this case, the problem is not in the product itself, but in the wrong size. When buying, it is very important to take into account all measurements made to predict such incidents in advance.

Where to buy and what are the prices?

You can buy the product in specialized stores of well-known brands, on the official websites of manufacturers or in the orthopedic salons of the city. Buying goods "from the hands" is not recommended.

The price of the products is quite high, this is explained by the composition of the knitwear and the procedure for its manufacture. Before buying, study the manufacturer's certificates to make sure the product is of good quality.